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What is Crohn's Disease?

Crohn's Disease, is common called as inflammatory bowel disease, or regional enteritis, and/or Granulomatous ileocolitis disease is an inflammatory disease of the intestines that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus, it also results a wide variety of symptoms.

Understanding Crohn's Disease

The first causes or sign of this disease is abdominal pain, diarrhea , which may also lead to seeing blood in the stools if the condition is very serious, vomiting, or weight loss, sometimes if there is any evident seriousness in the disease it could also show signs like skin rashes, arthritis, inflammation of the eye, tiredness, and lack of concentration. Crohn's disease is understood to be an autoimmune disease, in which the disease can lead to complications in the intestines and also lead to, causing inflammation; therefore it is classified as a type of inflammatory bowel disease. There has also been clear evidence of a genetic link to Crohn's disease; hence if direct family member has a history of Crohn’s disease you could likely to be getting it as well. Western countries report more cases of Crohn’s disease making this disease also included by certain lifestyle choices. Both men and women are known to be equally effected by Crohn’s disease, but smokers are more likely to get Crohn’s disease than non-smokers.

Crohn's Disease Symptoms

The most common symptom of Crohn's disease is abdominal pain that is very nonspecific and comes and goes. Diarrhea often accompanies the disease, with as many as fifteen bowel movements a day. Itching around the anus may occur as well. Flatulence and bloating are also common. In more severe disease, fistulas may form in the perianal area, causing fecal leakage. Vomiting, nausea, and crampy abdominal pain may also be seen in more advanced Crohn's disease due to intestinal blockage from strictures. The inflammation from Crohn's disease may also affect the rest of the body as well. Eye pain, due to uveitis, is not an uncommon symptom, as well as inflammatory arthritis. Fever may also occur as well. Oral nonhealing ulcers are also a not-so-uncommon complaint as well. Typically, the diagnosis of Crohn's disease requires a procedure called an endoscopy, in which a camera is guided through the GI tract to visualize the disease. Often the disease is officially diagnosed in this way.

Treating Crohn's disease

Medication and therapy can temporarily curb the disease but will not ensure full recovery. Even in cases where remission is possible, medications sometimes help for temporary stop of reoccurrence of Crohn's disease symptoms, lifestyle changes and in some cases surgery. Adequately controlled, Crohn's disease may not significantly restrict daily living. To begin proper or at least to ensure no relapse the treatment for Crohn's disease involved thorough study of the symptoms, then maintaining remission. Today the possible way to ensure remission is medication and serious lifestyle alterations to achieve temporary treatment for Crohn's disease. Crohn’s cannot be cured by surgery, though it is mostly used only when partial or a full blockage of the intestine in patients. Surgery may also be required for complications such as obstructions, fistulas and/or abscesses, or if the disease does not respond to drugs.

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