What is LASIK Eye Surgery?
The acronym "LASIK" represents the term laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis. The procedure helps correct vision via the use of a laser. Ultimately, the goal of the surgery is to eliminate the need for corrective vision devices, such as glasses or contacts. The procedure changes the cornea by the use of an excimer laser, which produces ultraviolet light. This particular laser reshapes the covering of the eye via a laser keratome that makes an incision in the flap of the cornea. The flap of the cornea folds back during LASIK to expose the middle of the cornea, which is referred to as the stroma. During this part of the LASIK eye surgery, a laser controlled by a computer removes a section of the stroma. At this point, the flap of the cornea is put back in place. Basically, this is a standardized version of the surgery and as technology advances and more information has become available, changes to the procedure occur based upon the surgeon. Potential patients are encouraged to research about the method used during the procedure at their location.
Symptoms and Side Effects of LASIK
Though LASIK eye surgery's main goal is to correct vision, sometimes the opposite occurs and adverse reactions may happen. Consequently, this is one reason why it's important to educate yourself prior to undergoing the procedure. Side effects of LASIK include a loss of vision that may be temporary or permanent. Additionally, the loss of sight may only affect a line or two of letters on a vision chart. According to the Mayo Clinic, the procedure may cause the patient to see halos around lights. LASIK eye surgery may also result in a decrease of night vision, obscured vision in the fog and double vision. Though LASIK helps vision, it may cause issues with the tear ducts for about the first six months. Other side effects of LASIK eye surgery may including dry eye, infection, and an increase in tear production as a result of problems correcting the flap. In certain cases, these effects are the consequences of surgeon not having board certification or not having the proper qualifications to perform the procedure. This is why it is important to find a reliable surgeon to perform your procedure.
Treatment Related to LASIK Eye Surgery
Treatments that revolve around this procedure, typically are related to side effects; however, sometimes the treatment needs to occur prior to the LASIK with some conditions, such as autoimmune diseases. The Mayo Clinic states that individuals who suffer from halos and other vision obscurities post-op may require a second surgery to correct the problems. Mayo Clinic also states that eye drops with corticosteroids are often used to treat the problem prior to a second surgery occurring. LASIK eye surgery may also require individuals to use eye drops to correct the dry eye, one of the side effects of the surgery.