5 Common Hernia Types


Complex Hernias

Incisional Hernia 

There are several subtypes of "complex" hernias, which is a term that refers to a hernia that causes futher complications, that won't heal properly, or that is caused by abdominal surgery.  An incisional hernia, also referred to as a “ventral hernia,” is a potential aftermath of abdominal surgery. The incision line, more often with vertical incisions used for appendectomies or cesarean sections during childbirth, forms a scar that even years later can herniate.

The abdominal wall consists of multiple layers that have to be sewn back together after the surgery, and these may not heal correctly or may lose strength as time goes by. It’s more common in populations that tend to be less active following surgery, such as the elderly or obese. As with other hernias, the signs can be limited. A visible bulge and pain in the area affected are often the only hints that a hernia has developed. Regardless, these should be treated promptly to prevent the incisional hernia from becoming very large and troublesome. Strangulated hernias are a possibility in the case of incisional hernias as well. 


Recurrent Hernia

Another reason getting prompt hernia treatment is so essential is to prevent the development of recurrent hernias. Recurrent hernias can result from nearly any type of hernia a patient undergoes treatment for, although they tend to spring from incisional hernias, which occur in areas where a lot of difficult-to-repair scar tissue is already present.

In the same way that the site of incision breaks down and produces a hernia, the original site of hernia repair breaks down to develop a hernia again. The more a recurrent hernia is repaired, the less likely it is to stay that way. The signs of a recurrent hernia vary depending upon what type of hernia it was originally. As with many types of hernias, the only signs may be the presence of a bulge and some discomfort, but even these slight indicators are not guaranteed.

This is the primary reason it is so important to have a medical professional take a look at any places you suspect you might have a hernia—and sometimes this may require a specialist to diagnose and/or treat. If you’ve had treatment for a hernia in the past, keep an eye on the area over the years for early detection.

Did you know...

  • Does your job make you stressed? We all know that stress is psychologically bad for you, but it also has an effect on…your allergies? A Harvard Medical School study has shown that stress causes your allergies to become worse because your body's defense response loses efficacy when repeatedly triggered by stress. Then, when you really need to physically fight something off, you're less able to!
  • Are you currently or often tired? As contradictory as it may sound, one of the best things you can do is exercise! It gives you more energy by improving your blood flow and increasing your oxygen throughout your body. You don't need to do much; a brisk walk is all it takes!
  • Do you know what the strongest muscle in your body is? No, it’s not your biceps or your thighs. It’s actually in your head. The masseter is a muscle in the jaw that is used when chewing. When all of the muscles of the jaw work together, they can exert a force as strong as 200 pounds on the molars. That’s some serious pressure.
  • There are many factors that contribute to your body odor, but one of the strongest links is our diet. This may be some bad news for meat-lovers because many studies have shown that those who refrained from or ate less red meat were judged as being more pleasant smelling. The meat sweats are real, and they don’t smell great!
  • Starting to feel claustrophobic? The smells of apples may help keep your claustrophobic feelings at bay according to a 1995 study by Dr. Alan Hirsch. Green apples, specifically, helped people change their perception of their space. Maybe they thought of expansive apple orchards? Cucumbers and barbecue made the feelings worse.