The brain is a fascinating thing—it's the origin of all consciousness, and it allows us to explore and understand the world. However, when things go wrong upstairs, it can leave folks with crippling and sometimes bizarre problems. From speaking nonsense to forgetting who you are, we look at 10 of the most unbelievable brain disorders.
"Aphasia" is a general term for a collection of disorders that affect a person's ability to use language. While quite rare, Wernicke's aphasia (named after physician Carl Wernicke) is easily the most unsettling variety. Those with this condition have no problem with word production—linguistic features like cadence and intonation are unaffected. However, everything spoken is, quite literally, gibberish. Sometimes patients are able to use actual words, albeit incorrectly, but other times the words they use are not real at all. Othertimes, the ability to grasp words and sentences are impaired, while producing connected speech isn’t affected. This type is called “fluent aphasia” or “receptive aphasia.”The scariest part of this condition is that, at the time, patients normally do not realize what they're saying is nonsensical.
This condition occurs when a person sustains damage to the Wernicke's area of the brain, which is one of the two regions primarily responsible for language production.